Abstracts of the 7th World Congress on Pediatric Critical Care
Background and aims: According the statistics, the unintentional injury is the first cause of death in 1~14 year children.
Aims: The purpose of study was to explore the parents of children aged 0 to 4 on the home injury first aid of knowledge and self-efficacy.
Methods: The study is a cross-sectional study design. A total of 439 participants with purposive sampling were recruited at 8 public health community centers in a central district of Taiwan. The measurement is self developed questionnaire with 37 questions included knowledge and self-efficacy of first aid on burn, trauma, choking, poisoning and CPR. The study was approved by IRB of university.
Results: The mean score on parents’ knowledge of first aid was 72.1%, Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation had lower correction rates. The mean score of 100% certainty in parents’ self-efficacy of first aid was 26.6%. Subjects were least confident in dealing with choking. A significantly positive correlation was found between first aid knowledge and self efficacy (p<0.01). Critical predictive factors of self-efficacy included first aid knowledge, had attended first aid training, media information, health knowledge from medical personnel, had unintentional injury experiences. These variables explained as 29% of the variation.
Conclusions: Study suggests that the knowledge of children home injury first aid should aware by public and government. The first aid information provided by health personnel positively affects parents’ self-efficacy of first aid. Education related with chocking management and CPR are paramount important for parents’ with young children which would improve the first aid knowledge and the self-efficacy.