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ABSTRACT 713: INFECTION CONTROL IN THE BURN UNIT

Sobouti, B.1; Fallah, S.H.2; Ghavami, Y.3

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: May 2014 - Volume 15 - Issue 4_suppl - p 161
doi: 10.1097/01.pcc.0000449439.84308.77
Abstracts of the 7th World Congress on Pediatric Critical Care
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1pediatrics, iums, tehran, Iran 2pediatrics, sbums, tehran, Iran 3general practitioner, tums, tehran, Iran

Background and aims: Burns are one of the most common and devastating forms of trauma.Patients with serious thermal injury require immediate specialized care to minimize morbidity and mortality. The survival rate for burn patients has improved substantially in the last decade due in part to advances in intensive care management in specialized burn centers. Improved outcome for severely burned patients has been attributed to advances in fluid resuscitation, nutritional support, pulmonary care, burn wound care and infection control practices. Specific sites of infection that are particularly important for burn patients include bloodstream infection, pneumonia, burn wound infection and urinary tract infection.

Aims: Outbreaks of Cross-Colonization and infection are a major challenge in burn units, requiring a clear understanding of how and why they occur if they are to be prevented and controlled.

Methods: This is a main lecture.

Results: This is a main lecture.

Conclusions: Modern burn centers have a contained perimeter that is designed to minimize unnecessary traffic of health care workers and visitors through the unit.This is a main lecture Nosocomial outbreaks caused by antibiotic-resistant organisms have been described in modern burn units because critically ill burn patients and equipment had to be moved between the burn unit and trauma intensive care unit. Modern burn unit designs should allow all intensive and burn care procedures, including mechanical ventilation and operative procedures, to be done within the burn center itself or, as a minimum, the facility design should minimize the need to transfer patients out of the burn unit for different aspects of their care.

©2014The Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies