Background and aims: The quality of family-centered care (FCC) in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is often assessed through Parental satisfaction (PS). Empathic-N, a validated questionnaire to evaluate PS in NICU, was recently developed in the Netherlands (Latour, 2012).To our knowledge similar instruments have not yet been applied to Italy.
Aims: The aim of this project is to translate the 57-item EMPATHIC-N questionnaire taking the Italian cultural adaptation into account.
Methods: The translation process followed a structured method including forward and backward translation (Wild et al 2005). The cultural adaptation was assessed by asking parents (n=12) of two participating NICUs in Italy to review the translated version.
A second phase will consist of the psychometric validation of the questionnaire, involving 7 NICUs across Italy. Ethical approval is granted by the Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital. Written informed consent forms will be collected.
Results: Twelve parents (1 non-native speaker) were interviewed to test the understandability and readability of each item. Only 5 items did not reach complete consent. However, none fell below the cut-off of 80% agreement and needed revision. No relevant differences were observed between the backward translation and the original version of the questionnaire.
Conclusions: Further psychometric testing of the Italian version of the EMPATHIC-N is needed to support its validity and reliability. This version of Empathic-N questionnaire will constitute an important tool to monitor the quality of FCC in Italian NICUs.
Acknowledgement: The contribution of the Centre of Excellence for Nursing Scholarship for the funding to this project is acknowledged.