1 Division of Hospital Medicine, University of Tsukuba Hospital, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
2 Center for Cardiovascular Research, The Abigail Wexner Research Institute, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, OH.
3 The Heart Center, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, OH.
4 Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children’s Hospital-Toledo, Toledo, OH.
5 Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL.
6 Department of Surgery and Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
7 Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shizuoka Medical Center, Shizuoka, Japan.
8 Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.
9 Division of Cardiology, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY.
*See also p. 430.
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Drs. Watanabe and Yasuhara contributed equally as cofirst authors.
Drs. A. Watanabe and Yasuhara conceptualized and designed the study, conducted the screening of records, collected data, carried out the initial analyses, drafted the initial article, and reviewed and revised the article. Drs Karube, K. Watanabe, and Shirasu critically reviewed and revised the article. Drs. Takagi, Sumitomo, and Lee coordinated and supervised data collection, and critically reviewed and revised the article for important intellectual content. Dr. Kuno conceptualized and designed the study, coordinated and supervised data collection, and reviewed and revised the article. All authors approved the final article as submitted and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.
The authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest.
Data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable requests.
For information regarding this article, E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]