Fibrinolytic shutdown is associated with poor prognosis in adult sepsis, but data in the pediatric population are sparse. This study aimed to identify the association between impaired fibrinolysis and mortality in pediatric septic shock.
A prospective, observational study conducted between August 2019 and August 2020.
PICU at a pediatric tertiary hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam.
Fifty-six pediatric patients who met septic shock criteria were enrolled.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:
Conventional coagulation tests and rotational thromboelastometry were performed at diagnosis. The fibrinolytic activity on extrinsic pathway thromboelastometry was negatively correlated with the Vasoactive-Inotropic Score at 24 hours post-PICU admission, peak lactate level during the first 24 hours, Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction-2 score, and Pediatric Risk of Mortality-III score (all p < 0.05). Compared with patients with nonovert disseminated intravascular coagulation, dysfunction of less than two organs, and who survived, patients with overt disseminated intravascular coagulation, dysfunction of greater than two organs, and who died showed significantly lower fibrinolytic activity, represented by significantly higher lysis indexes (%) and lower maximum lysis (%) (all p < 0.05). The threshold values for prediction of mortality were lysis index 60 minutes greater than 97.5 (area under the curve = 0.86; sensitivity = 73%; specificity = 90%), maximum lysis less than 6.5 (area under the curve = 0.83; sensitivity = 73%; specificity = 87%), and lysis index 45 minutes greater than 99.5 (area under the curve = 0.83; sensitivity = 73%; specificity = 85%). Hypofibrinolysis was associated with prolonged PICU length of stay in survivors and with early mortality in nonsurvivors.
Fibrinolytic shutdown in pediatric septic shock is associated with an increase in disease severity and mortality. This highlights the need for further investigations regarding whether fibrinolytic therapy improved the outcome of pediatric septic shock.