1 Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
2 Department of Public Health and Health Policy, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
3 Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.
4 Department of Health Policy and Informatics, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
This work was performed at Hiroshima University and the University of Occupational and Environmental Health.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s website (http://journals.lww.com/pccmjournal).
Drs. Ohki’s and Hosokawa’s institutions received funding from the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, Japan. Dr. Matsuda’s institution received funding from a grant for Health, Labor and Welfare Science Research and the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare; he received support for article research from the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, Japan. Dr. Shime reports grants from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan, during the conduct of the study (Grant number: 201922001B). The remaining authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest.
For information regarding this article, E-mail: [email protected]