Improve medication-related variable ICU costs by increasing value related to a locally identified high-frequency/high-cost medication, IV acetaminophen.
Structured quality improvement initiative using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Model for Improvement.
Twenty-three–bed tertiary PICU.
All patients admitted to the PICU receiving IV acetaminophen during the study period of 2015–2018.
PICU staff survey, education to close nurse/provider knowledge gap, optimization of order sets and electronic health record order entry, improving oral/enteral medication transition, and optimization of pharmacy dispensing.
Measurements and Main Results:
The primary outcome of interest was IV acetaminophen doses per patient day reported as a 12-month rolling average. Baseline IV acetaminophen prescribing prior to the study period was initially 0.55 doses per patient day, and in 2014, there were 3,042 doses administered. IV acetaminophen is $43 per dose. The rolling 12-month average post intervention was 0.33 doses per patient day. Enteral and rectal doses increased from 0.42 to 0.58 doses per patient day. Opioid utilization varied throughout the study. A 40% reduction in IV acetaminophen equated to a $35,507 cost savings in a single year.
IV acetaminophen is prescribed with high frequency and impacts variable PICU costs. Value can be improved by optimizing IV acetaminophen prescribing.