Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Evaluating the Need for Pediatric Procedural Sedation Training in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Fellowship*

Hooper, Michael C. MD1; Kamat, Pradip P. MD, MBA, FCCM2,3; Couloures, Kevin G. DO, MPH1

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: March 2019 - Volume 20 - Issue 3 - p 259-261
doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001809

Objectives: Pediatric procedural sedation has been increasingly performed by pediatric intensivists over the past decade. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine fellowship guidelines do not specify how fellows obtain proficiency in pediatric procedural sedation. We sought to survey the state of pediatric procedural sedation training during fellowship and whether fellows thought it was sufficient.

Design: A 21-question survey gathered data on pediatric procedural sedation training provided to Pediatric Critical Care Medicine fellows. Surveys were sent to fellowship directors with instructions to distribute to second- and third-year fellows or recent graduates. Over 2 months, up to three e-mail reminders were sent to fellowship directors whose program had not completed at least one survey.

Subjects: Senior fellows and graduates of 65 active Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Pediatric Critical Care Medicine fellowship programs.

Interventions: None.

Measurements and Main Results: Sixty-five percent of fellowship programs (42/65) returned at least one response. Ninety senior fellows and 27 recent graduates responded. Of respondents, 38% received pediatric procedural sedation training during the fellowship, and 32% reported mandatory training. Nine percent of programs used simulation. Although 61% who received training felt adequately prepared to perform pediatric procedural sedation, 25% needed additional preceptorship to sedate independently. Nearly one third (31%) reported that completion of a predetermined number of cases was required to sedate independently. Forty-eight percent reported a minimum number of cases was required for hospital credentialing. Nearly 45% were allowed to perform pediatric procedural sedation off the unit after receiving credentials. When asked if inadequate pediatric procedural sedation training would be a deterrent to applying for a position that included pediatric procedural sedation, 8.6% replied yes, 52.6% replied no, and 38.8% replied they were unsure.

Conclusions: Pediatric procedural sedation lacks a clearly defined training pathway. Most fellows find pediatric procedural sedation a valuable skill set. We propose that all Pediatric Critical Care Medicine fellows receive training that includes pediatric procedural sedation critical incident simulation and cases performed outside the PICU to establish proficiency.

1Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

2Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA.

3Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston, Atlanta, GA.

*See also p. 296.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s website (

The authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest.

This work was a collaboration between the Yale School of Medicine and Emory University School of Medicine.

Address requests for reprints to: Kevin G. Couloures, DO, MPH, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520-8064. E-mail:

Copyright © 2018 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies