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Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction: Pulmonary Atresia With Intact Ventricular Septum, Pulmonary Stenosis, and Ebstein’s Malformation

Kwiatkowski, David M. MD, MS; Hanley, Frank L. MD; Krawczeski, Catherine D. MD

doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000818
Congenital Heart Disease
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Objectives: The objectives of this review are to discuss the anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical course, and current treatment strategies for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum, pulmonary stenosis, and Ebstein’s anomaly.

Data Source: MEDLINE and PubMed.

Conclusions: Considerable advances have been made in management strategies for these complex congenital heart lesions, which have led to improved outcomes.

1Department of Pediatrics, Section of Cardiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, Palo Alto, CA.

2Department of Surgery, Chief, Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, Palo Alto, CA.

3Department of Pediatrics, Section of Cardiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, Palo Alto, CA.

Dr. Krawczeski received funding from Stanford University (Employment). The remaining authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest.

For information regarding this article, E-mail: dkwiat@stanford.edu

©2016The Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies