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Avoidance of Hospital-Acquired Infections in Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Patients

Taylor, Ruston S. PharmD; Shekerdemian, Lara S. MD, MHA

doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000758
Organ Systems: Other Organ Systems and Systemic Disorders

Objectives: The objectives of this review are to discuss the prevalence and risk factors associated with the development of hospital-acquired infections in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery and the published antimicrobial prophylaxis regimens and rational approaches to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of nosocomial infections in these patients.

Data Source: MEDLINE and PubMed.

Conclusion: Hospital-acquired infections remain a significant source of potentially preventable morbidity and mortality in pediatric cardiac surgical patients. Through improved understanding of these conditions and implementation of avoidance strategies, centers caring for these patients may improve outcomes in this vulnerable population.

1Department of Pharmacy, Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston, TX.

2Department of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston, TX.

The authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest.

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©2016The Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies