Determine the relationship between the volume of burn admissions and outcomes for children with burns.
Retrospective review of the National Burn Repository from 2000-2009 using mixed effect logistic regression modeling.
Tertiary burn centers in the United States.
All children <18 years of age admitted with burn injury to a burn center submitting data to the National Burn Repository.
Measurements and Main Results:
Of the 210,683 records in the NBR from 2000-2009, 33,115 records for children ≤18 years of age met criteria for analysis; 26,280 had burn sizes smaller than 10%; only 32 of these children died. Volume of children treated varied greatly among facilities. Age, total body surface area burn, inhalation injury, and burn center volume influenced mortality (p < 0.05) An increase in the median yearly admissions of 100 decreased the odds of mortality by approximately 40%. High volume centers (admitting >200 pediatric patients/year) had the lowest mortality when adjusting for age and injury characteristics (p < 0.05).
Higher volume pediatric burn centers had lower mortality, particularly at larger burn sizes. The lower mortality of children a high volume centers could reflect greater experience, resource, and specialized expertise in treating pediatric patients.