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Clinical Management of Pediatric Ventricular Assist Devices

Cooper, David S. MD, MPH1; Prêtre, René MD2

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: June 2013 - Volume 14 - Issue 5_suppl - p S27–S36
doi: 10.1097/PCC.0b013e318292df7b
Joint Statement on Mechanical Circulatory Support

Mechanical circulatory support is an invaluable tool in the care of children with severe refractory cardiac failure. As the field of mechanical circulatory support has evolved in children, the frequency of ventricular assist device use has been increasing steadily with excellent results. Ventricular assist devices are being used with increasing frequency in children with cardiac failure refractory to medical therapy for primary treatment as a long-term bridge to recovery or transplantation. This review, part of the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society/Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Joint Consensus Statement on Mechanical Circulatory Support, focuses on ventricular assist device implantation and management, as well as anticipation and management of complications.

1The Heart Institute, Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH.

2Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Center Vaud (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland.

The authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest.

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©2013The Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies