Case ReviewsDesmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor Is an Important Mimic of High-Grade Carcinoma in Colonic Biopsy SamplesHissong, Erika MD; Yantiss, Rhonda K. MD Author Information From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY Reprints: Erika Hissong, MD, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, 1300 York Ave, New York, NY 10065. E-mail: [email protected]. The authors have no funding or conflicts to declare. AJSP: Reviews & Reports: 3/4 2022 - Volume 27 - Issue 2 - p 44-47 doi: 10.1097/PCR.0000000000000499 Buy Metrics Abstract Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare but aggressive malignancy that usually occurs within the intra-abdominal cavities of young adult males. Most DSRCTs can be reliably diagnosed based on the presence of characteristic morphology; coexpression of epithelial, myogenic, and neural markers; and detection of the reciprocal translocation t(11;22)(p13:21) associated with the EWS::WT1 fusion. However, occasional tumors lack classic features, affect older adults, or are located outside the abdominal cavity. Mucosal biopsy samples can pose challenges when both the stromal and epithelial components are not represented. Herein, we present a case of DSRCT that simulated clinical and histologic features of a colonic adenocarcinoma. Biopsy sampling revealed nests of cytokeratin-positive epithelioid cells that simulated a high-grade carcinoma with neuroendocrine features. This case report emphasizes the importance of considering this rare entity when presented with high-grade epithelioid tumors that occur in young patients. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.