Case ReviewsPitfalls and Traps in NeuropathologySmith, Michael Timothy MD; Bruner, Evelyn T. MDAuthor Information From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC. Reprints: Michael Timothy Smith, MD, Anatomic Pathology, Medical University of South Carolina, MSC 908, 171 Ashley Ave, Charleston, South Carolina. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The authors have no funding or conflicts to declare. AJSP: Reviews & Reports: March/April 2020 - Volume 25 - Issue 2 - p 83-86 doi: 10.1097/PCR.0000000000000365 Buy Metrics Abstract Impediments to making a correct diagnosis are avoided, and complex administrative efforts are used to make those impediments less frequent. There are quality control procedures, patient safety initiatives, and endless meetings attempting to lessen medical errors. Pitfalls and traps are encountered daily by pathologists, and most are avoided. Artifacts produce traps created by cautery, physical crush, thick sections, and drying and are well known. Appropriate deferral, recuts, stains, and collegial consultations aid in error avoidance in these instances. Neuropathology has some pitfalls and traps that are encountered infrequently especially in the low neuropathology case load environment. Those traps are unfamiliar and treacherous for the unwary pathologist. This review describes five cases each with its special trap. © 2020 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.