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Florid Basal Cell Hyperplasia and Other Benign Mimics of Prostate Cancer

Kahane, Hillel MD; Bostwick, David G. MD

doi: 10.1097/PCR.0000000000000038
Case Reviews

Basal cells of the prostate account for a variety of proliferations that may be mistaken for adenocarcinoma, including florid basal cell hyperplasia and basal cell adenoma. Other differential diagnostic considerations for basal cell hyperplasia include normal anatomic structures such as seminal vesicles or ejaculatory duct fragments, metaplastic processes (squamous metaplasia, mucinous metaplasia, urothelial metaplasia, and nephrogenic metaplasia), and hyperplastic processes (usual acinar and stromal hyperplasia, postatrophic hyperplasia, sclerosing adenosis, verumontanum mucosal gland hyperplasia, and hyperplasia of metanephric remnants).

From the Bostwick Laboratories Inc., Uniondale, NY and Orlando, FL

Reprints: David G. Bostwick, MD, Bostwick Laboratories, Uniondale, NY. E-mail:

The authors have no funding or conflicts to declare.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.