From the School of Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
Received for publication December 19, 2021; accepted January 30, 2023.
Address correspondence to: Maxim Petrov, MD, MPH, PhD, Rm 2006, 28 Park Ave, Auckland 1142, New Zealand (e-mail: [email protected]).
This study was part of the Clinical and epidemiOlogical inveStigations in Metabolism, nutritiOn, and pancreatic diseaseS (COSMOS) program. The COSMOS is supported, in part, by the Royal Society of New Zealand (Rutherford Discovery Fellowship to M.S.P.), which played no role in the study design; collection, analysis, or interpretation of data; or writing of the manuscript.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
This study was approved by the Health and Disability Ethics Committee, New Zealand (13/STH/182).
All authors provided consent to publish this research.
Data available on reasonable request due to privacy/ethical restrictions.
M.S.P. did the conceptualization and study design. J.K. and S.H.B. did the patient recruitment. W.K., X.L., J.K., and S.H.B. did the data acquisition. W.K. did the analysis and interpretation of data. W.K. did the statistical analysis. W.K. did the drafting of manuscript. J.K., S.H.B., and M.S.P. did the critical revision of the manuscript. M.S.P. did the study supervision. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.