The primary end point was the compliance rate with guidelines. The secondaries were mortality, hospital stay, and costs.
This study included 1904 patients with acute pancreatitis (AP): group A, diagnosed before 2013, and group B, after 2013.
The compliance rate was 0.6%. The compliance rates increased for fluid resuscitation (3.3% vs 13.7%, P < 0.001), for antibiotics use (21.9% vs 28.1%, P = 0.002), for oral feeding (55.0% vs 49.7%, P = 0.007), and for correct use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (83% vs 91.9%, P < 0.001). Compliance to severity assessment with computed tomography (odds ratio [OR], 0.4; P = 0.029), parenteral nutrition recommendations (OR, 0.3; P = 0.009), and early surgery (OR, 0.3; P = 0.010) reduced the mortality. Compliance to antibiotic therapy (OR, 0.6; P < 0.001), correct use of parenteral nutrition (OR, 0.3; P < 0.001), correct use of ERCP (OR, 0.5; P < 0.001), and early surgery (OR, 0.3; P = 0.010) reduced hospital stay. The compliance reduced the costs for parenteral nutrition (P < 0.001), correct use of ERCP (P = 0.011), and surgery (P = 0.010).
The adherence to guidelines for AP was low. Compliance could reduce mortality, prolonged hospital stay, and costs.