The objective of this study was to evaluate racial differences in cancer treatment and survival in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (GEP-NET) patients.
Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Registry, we identified patients with GEP-NETs of the stomach, small intestine (SI), colon, rectum, appendix, and pancreas diagnosed between 1973 and 2014. Demographic, cancer, and treatment information were collected and compared using χ2 tests. Multivariable logistic and Cox regression were used to determine disparities in receiving treatment and overall survival.
We identified 19,031 GEP-NET patients: 2839 were non-Hispanic Blacks, 12,832 non-Hispanic Whites, 2098 Hispanics, and 1262 Asians. African Americans and Hispanics with SI and pancreatic NETs were less likely to be treated with surgery (odds ratio, 0.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.46–0.69; odds ratio, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.51–0.99, respectively). African American race was not an independent predictor of survival; there was a strong trend in stomach, SI, and pancreas NETs (hazard ratio [HR], 1.31; 95% CI, 1–1.7; HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.99–1.45; HR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1–1.48, respectively).
Our study provides evidence of racial disparities in treatment and survival across GEP-NET primary sites and racial groups. Further studies should be performed to improve our understanding of the reason for these disparities.