The results of only a few endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA
) for pancreatic solid pseudopapillary neoplasm
(SPN) have been published, and the safety of the procedure has never been investigated. Our study compared the recurrence rate in patients with and without preoperative EUS-FNA
This European multicenter registry-based study was conducted in 22 digestive units, and retrospectively included all patients who underwent complete resection of a pancreatic SPN from 2000 to 2018. Patients with and without initial EUS-FNA
were compared, and postsurgery recurrence and the associated risk factors were evaluated.
A complete resection of a pancreatic SPN was performed in 149 patients (133 women, 89%), with a mean age of 34 (standard deviation, 14) years. There were no significant differences between the with (78 patients) and without (71 patients) EUS-FNA
groups, except for age and tumor size and location.
Preoperative EUS-FNA allowed pancreatic SPN diagnosis in 63/78 cases (81%). After a mean follow-up of 43 (standard deviation, 36) months, recurrence was noted in 4 patients (2.7%). Preoperative EUS-FNA was not correlated with recurrence, but an older age (P = 0.005) was significant.
does not affect pancreatic SPN recurrence. In this series, old age was significantly correlated with recurrence.