Green tea polyphenols (GTPs) are naturally occurring antioxidants acting through pathways that include reactive oxygen species and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). This study investigates the effect of GTPs in a cerulein-induced murine model of acute pancreatitis (AP).
Male CD mice (median weight, 37.7 g) were divided into 4 groups: mice administered with cerulein alone, cerulein and GTP, saline alone (sham), and GTP alone. Acute pancreatitis was induced by serial intraperitoneal administration of cerulein (50 μg/kg, ×6). Green tea polyphenol was administered intraperitoneally at 25 mg/kg on the first, third, and sixth hours after pancreatitis induction.
We analyzed histologic and biochemical features of AP, NF-κB pathway activity, leukocyte-mediated damage, cytokine levels, oxidative stress injury, lipid peroxidation, expression of poly-(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) synthetase, and presence of apoptosis.
Treatment with GTP reduced the histologic and biochemical features of AP. Western blot revealed significant NF-κB inactivation. Immunostaining for P selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule 1, tumor necrosis factor α, transforming growth factor β, vascular endothelial growth factor, nitrotirosine, poly-(adenosine diphosphate ribose) synthetase, and malondialdheide levels were significantly reduced. There was a significant down-regulation of apoptotic markers.
Our results demonstrated that GTP significantly ameliorated the effects of cerulein-induced AP in mice. These effects of GTP are mediated by actions at the NF-κB/IkB (inhibitor kB) proteins and oxidative stress pathways.