Multimodal hypersensitivity (MMH)—greater sensitivity across multiple sensory modalities (eg, light, sound, temperature, pressure)—is associated with the development of chronic pain. However, previous MMH studies are restricted given their reliance on self-reported questionnaires, narrow use of multimodal sensory testing, or limited follow-up. We conducted multimodal sensory testing on an observational cohort of 200 reproductive-aged women, including those at elevated risk for chronic pelvic pain conditions and pain-free controls. Multimodal sensory testing included visual, auditory, and bodily pressure, pelvic pressure, thermal, and bladder pain testing. Self-reported pelvic pain was examined over 4 years. A principal component analysis of sensory testing measures resulted in 3 orthogonal factors that explained 43% of the variance: MMH, pressure pain stimulus response, and bladder hypersensitivity. The MMH and bladder hypersensitivity factors correlated with baseline self-reported menstrual pain, genitourinary symptoms, depression, anxiety, and health. Over time, MMH increasingly predicted pelvic pain and was the only component to predict outcome 4 years later, even when adjusted for baseline pelvic pain. Multimodal hypersensitivity was a better predictor of pelvic pain outcome than a questionnaire-based assessment of generalized sensory sensitivity. These results suggest that MMHs overarching neural mechanisms convey more substantial long-term risk for pelvic pain than variation in individual sensory modalities. Further research on the modifiability of MMH could inform future treatment developments in chronic pain.