The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) has designated 2018 as the global year for excellence in pain education. Despite advances in pain research, there remains an inadequate understanding and implementation of pain education that health professionals obtain in training before professional registration, licensure, or certification. This article reports on a synthesis of pain education research that has been conducted in this period of health professionals' training. A scoping review framework by Arksey and O'Malley was used to guide a search of medical and education databases for records that have examined or evaluated pain education. Fifty-six reports were identified representing 16 professions across 29 countries, published between 1992 and 2017. A descriptive account of the reports is provided, which includes a timeline, geography, methods of evaluating, and main purpose of the research. A narrative synthesis was undertaken to summarise and explain the results and main findings from reports of studies included in this review. Further to this, a concept analysis was conducted to identify and map key concepts that can be used by stakeholders to develop or evaluate future pain education. Future directions for research are proposed, which includes factors that are repeatedly reported to be important in advancing pain education and should underpin the campaign for environments that promote excellence in pain practice as the norm in health care.
aSchool of Clinical and Applied Sciences, Centre for Pain Research, Portland Building, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom
bDivision of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom
cResearch and Innovation Division, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
Corresponding author. Address: School of Clinical and Applied Sciences, Portland Building, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds LS1 3HE, United Kingdom. Tel.: +44 113 81 23617. E-mail address: email@example.com (K. Thompson).
Sponsorships or competing interests that may be relevant to content are disclosed at the end of this article.
Received October 25, 2017
Received in revised form May 29, 2018
Accepted June 18, 2018