Research papersMindfulness meditation for the treatment of chronic low back pain in older adults: A randomized controlled pilot study☆Morone, Natalia E.a,*; Greco, Carol M.b; Weiner, Debra K.c Author Information aDepartment of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA bDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA cDepartment of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA *Corresponding author. Address: 230 McKee Place, Suite 600, Pitsburgh, PA 15213, USA. Tel.: +1 412 246 6930; fax: +1 412 692 4838. E-mail: [email protected] Submitted August 8, 2006; received in revised form April 12, 2007; accepted April 30, 2007. ☆Supported by AG23641 K07 of Dr. Stephanie Studenski from the National Institutes of Health. During the time of this work Dr. Morone was supported by a primary care faculty development training grant (HRSA D55 HP05156) and by the NIH Roadmap Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Career Development Award Grant (1KL2RR024154-01) from the National Institutes of Health. Pain: February 2008 - Volume 134 - Issue 3 - p 310-319 doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2007.04.038 Buy Metrics Abstract The objectives of this pilot study were to assess the feasibility of recruitment and adherence to an eight-session mindfulness meditation program for community-dwelling older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and to develop initial estimates of treatment effects. It was designed as a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Participants were 37 community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older with CLBP of moderate intensity occurring daily or almost every day. Participants were randomized to an 8-week mindfulness-based meditation program or to a wait-list control group. Baseline, 8-week and 3-month follow-up measures of pain, physical function, and quality of life were assessed. Eighty-nine older adults were screened and 37 found to be eligible and randomized within a 6-month period. The mean age of the sample was 74.9 years, 21/37 (57%) of participants were female and 33/37 (89%) were white. At the end of the intervention 30/37 (81%) participants completed 8-week assessments. Average class attendance of the intervention arm was 6.7 out of 8. They meditated an average of 4.3 days a week and the average minutes per day was 31.6. Compared to the control group, the intervention group displayed significant improvement in the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire Total Score and Activities Engagement subscale (P = .008, P = .004) and SF-36 Physical Function (P = .03). An 8-week mindfulness-based meditation program is feasible for older adults with CLBP. The program may lead to improvement in pain acceptance and physical function. © 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.