Research report: PDF OnlyComparison of cognitive-behavioral group treatment and an alternative non-psychological treatment for chronic low back painNicholas, Michael K.∗,a; Wilson, Peter H.b; Goyen, JocelyncAuthor Information aSchool of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Kensington 2033, NSWAustralia bDepartment of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSWAustralia cPhysiotherapy Department, Westmead Hospital, Westmead 2145, NSWAustralia ∗Correspondence to: Michael K. Nicholas, School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, P.O. Box 1, Kensington 2033, NSW, Australia. (Received 9 May 1990; revised 29 July 1991; accepted 7 August 1991.) Pain: March 1992 - Volume 48 - Issue 3 - p 339-347 doi: 10.1016/0304-3959(92)90082-M Buy Metrics Abstract This study was designed to investigate the relative efficacy of cognitive-behavioral group treatment, including relaxation training, in comparison with a control condition in a sample of 20 outpatients with chronic low back pain. Subjects in both conditions also received the same physiotherapy back-education and exercise program. The control condition included a control for the attention of the therapist in the cognitive-behavioral treatment. The combined psychological treatment and physiotherapy condition displayed significantly greater improvement than the attention-control and physiotherapy condition at post-treatment on measures of other-rated functional impairment, use of active coping strategies, self-efficacy beliefs, and medication use. These differences were maintained at 6 month follow-up on use of active coping strategies and, to a lesser degree, on self-efficacy beliefs and other-rated functional impairment. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.