Research report: PDF OnlyValidation of an observation method of pain assessment in non-chronic back painJensen, Iréne B.a; Bradley, Laurence A.a,b; Linton, Steven J.a,bAuthor Information aDepartment of Occupational Medicine, Örebro Medical Center Hospital, S-70I 85 ÖrebroSweden bBowman Gray School of Medicine, Section on Medical Psychology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27103 U.S.A. Correspondence to: Iréne B. Jensen, Department of Orthopedic Rehabilitation, Åre Hospital, S-830 13 Åre, Sweden. Submitted June 7, 1988; revised March 7, 1989; accepted July 24, 1989. Pain: December 1989 - Volume 39 - Issue 3 - p 267-274 doi: 10.1016/0304-3959(89)90039-0 Buy Metrics Abstract An observation method for assessing chronic pain in back pain and rheumatoid arthritis has been developed during the last decade in the U.S.A. This study examined the validity and reliability of the method for a non-chronic back pain population from another culture. Two trained observers recorded pain behaviors displayed by 61 Swedish subjects during a 10 min, videorecorded, standardized sequence of maneuvers. Subjects were asked to make ratings of their pain intensity, depression, helplessness and disability level. A physical examination was performed by an orthopedist to obtain objective medical information about the subjects. Results showed that interrater as well as test-retest reliability were satisfactory. Correlations between pain behavior and other measures of pain e.g., intensity ratings, medication intake, and spinal mobility, were statistically significant but somewhat lower than expected. The results indicate that the behavioral observation method provides reliable and valid information about non-chronic back pain among Swedish females. However, some modifications in the standardized sequence of maneuvers and the definitions of pain behaviors may be necessary to improve the utility of the method in this population. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.