Research report: PDF OnlyFamilial pain models: the relationship between family history of pain and current pain experienceEdwards, Patrick W.b,*; Zeichner, Amosa; Kuczmierczyk, Andrzej R.c; Boczkowski, JudithdAuthor Information aDepartment of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GAU.S.A. bPrograms in Health and Behavior, Department of Psychology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105, U.S.A. cDepartment of Psychiatry, Division of Behavioral and Psychosocial Medicine, University of Rochester Med Center, Rochester, NY 14642, U.S.A. dDepartment of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, U.S.A. *Address all correspondence to the first author. Submitted June 15, 1984; accepted November 26, 1984. ☆ The authors wish to thank an unknown reviewer for critical input on an earlier draft of this article. This paper was presented as a poster at the annual convention of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA, March 1984. Pain: April 1985 - Volume 21 - Issue 4 - p 379-384 doi: 10.1016/0304-3959(85)90166-6 Buy Metrics Abstract Recent evidence has underscored the importance of parental models and vicarious learning in the etiology of pain behavior. The present study investigated the relationships between the number of familial pain models to which an individual has been exposed, the individual's reports of current pain experiences and the role of gender. One hundred and twenty male and 168 female college students reporting occasional pain episodes completed the Parameters of Pain Questionnaire. Results indicated that a significant positive relationship exists between the number of pain models in an individual's familial environment and the frequency of his/her current pain reports. Additionally, pain models had a greater impact on females than on males. These findings are discussed in terms of vicarious learning and health locus of control processes. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.