Research report: PDF OnlyPain and the marital relationship: Psychiatric distressShanfield, Stephen B.a,b; Heiman, Elliott M.a,b; Cope, Nathana,b; Jones, John R.a,bAuthor Information aDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, Ariz. 85724, USA b(D.N.C.) Brain Injury Unit, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, Calif. 95128, U.S.A. Accepted September 6, 1979. Pain: December 1979 - Volume 7 - Issue 3 - p 343-351 doi: 10.1016/0304-3959(79)90090-3 Buy Metrics Abstract Psychologic assessment and treatment of the family of the chronic pain patient has been thought to be of benefit in the outcome of pain therapy. The present study was designed to determine the presence of psychologic symptoms in the spouses of pain patients and the relationship of distress levels between the marital pair. Forty-four couples were studied. Demographic data was collected and each indicidual completed the SCL-90, a widely used and validated measure of psychologic symptom severity. There was a significant correlation (P = < 0.001) on psychiatric distress scores between pain patients and their spouses particularly when pain patient distress scores were high. Distress levels tended to decrease with age and were highest among the unemployed and lowest in the retired. In addition spouses were significantly higher than nonpatient norms on most sympton suscales. These data underline the importance of conjoint assesement of the chronic pain patient and the spouse, and have implications for treatment. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.