To assess the advantages and disadvantages of using endoscopic technique in the management of cholesteatoma
Retrospective case review.
Private otology practice.
Patients with cholesteatoma
of the temporal bone presenting over a 16-year period to a single otologist.
Primary endoscopic surgery for removal of the cholesteatoma
and further reconstruction and monitoring of patients.
Main Outcome Measure(s):
Clinical evidence of recurrent cholesteatoma
One hundred sixty-eight ear procedures performed for cholesteatoma
using 2 primary techniques. Average follow-up was 35 months. Twelve recurrences were evident.
Endoscopic management of cholesteatoma
allows the use of the ear canal as the direct and natural access point to cholesteatoma
within the mesotympanum, attic, facial recess, sinus tympani, hypotympanum, and eustachian tube. It does not improve access to mastoid disease.