Temporal bone osteoradionecrosis (TBORN) is a rare, chronic complication of head and neck radiation. Initial treatment consists of conservative management, with surgical resection of necrotic bone indicated for cases of severe, symptomatic, or progressive disease. Pentoxifylline-tocopherol (PENTO) has demonstrated usefulness for osteoradionecrosis of other head and neck subsites. Herein, we report five TBORN cases utilizing this protocol.
Retrospective case series.
Tertiary referral center.
This case series describes five TBORN cases in which the PENTO protocol was used in conjunction with conservative management. All patients were women and average age was 61 ± 8 years.
All patients received a daily dose of 800 mg of pentoxifylline and 1 g of tocopherol. Four of the five patients received systemic and/or ototopical antibiotics as an antimicrobial regimen before and/or during the PENTO protocol.
Main Outcome Measures:
Details regarding the total duration of protocol, improvement in symptoms, exposed bone and radiographic changes, and duration until first improvement of exposed bone were collected retrospectively.
The average duration of PENTO protocol was 302 ± 166 days. Four of the five (80%) patients demonstrated a decrease in exposed ear canal bone. Three of the five (60%) patients had stable or improvement in otologic symptoms of TBORN. One patient progressed to diffuse TBORN. The average duration until first improvement in exposed bone was 193 ± 137 days.
The PENTO protocol may be a useful adjunct to conservative measures in the management of localized TBORN. We recommend trialing the protocol for at least 12 months.