To review a single surgeon experience with revision pediatric stapes surgery for congenital stapes fixation (CSF) and tympanosclerosis (TS). Secondly, to determine whether hearing outcomes following revision surgery may be predicted by a thorough work-up aimed at assessing whether an extruded or malpositioned prosthesis is likely to be encountered intraoperatively.
Tertiary referral center.
Retrospective chart review.
Fifteen patients having revision surgery for fixation of the stapes footplate over a 15-year period.
Main Outcome Measures:
Hearing results based on pre- and post-revision pure-tone average air-bone gap (PTA-ABG) and speech recognition threshold testing (SRT).
Overall, the mean improvement of PTA-ABG following revision surgery was 11.9 dB (standard deviation [SD] 15.2) while SRTs improved by a mean of 12.3 (SD 19.9). Outcomes were significantly better in patients who reported a history of trauma following their initial surgery, when there was otoscopic evidence of an extruding or extruded prosthesis and/or a pre-revision CT (where performed) suggested an extruded or malpositioned prosthesis. No patients had a significant postoperative sensorineural hearing loss.
Revision stapes surgery in children is a safe procedure in experienced hands which nonetheless should only be contemplated in patients in whom preoperative work-up suggests an extruded or malpositioned prosthesis is likely to be encountered intraoperatively.