To compare outcomes of transcanal endoscopic tympanoplasty reconstructed using pretragal superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) fascia versus temporalis fascia.
Retrospective patient review and posttreatment questionnaire survey.
Tertiary referral center.
Sixty adult patients with chronic dry tympanic membrane perforation.
Patients underwent transcanal endoscopic type I tympanoplasty reconstructed using the SMAS fascia between September 2017 and May 2018; outcomes were compared with a matched cohort of patients where the temporalis fascia was used.
Main Outcome Measures:
Tympanic membrane closure rate, audiogram threshold, duration of procedure, and donor site scar satisfaction survey.
Sixty patients were included in this study and were evenly divided into the SMAS and temporalis fascia groups. These cohorts were matched for age, sex, side of lesion, perforation size, and preoperative hearing level. The closure rate was 96.7% (29/30) and 93.3% (28/30) (p = 1.0), mean hearing gain was 8.3 ± 6.4 dB versus 8.2 ± 7.1 dB for air-conduction (p = 0.970) and 7.6 ± 5.1 dB versus 8.2 ± 6.8 dB for air-bone gap (p = 0.716), and mean surgical duration was 137.3 ± 23.0 versus 132.2 ± 27.3 minutes (p = 0.432) for the SMAS and temporalis fascia groups, respectively; there were no statistically significant differences for all the parameters listed. The posttreatment questionnaire survey revealed significantly higher acceptance of the SMAS fascia method.
This preliminary outcome report of SMAS fascia grafting in transcanal endoscopic type I tympanoplasty showed equivalent surgical outcomes and better cosmetic satisfaction compared with the temporalis fascia. The SMAS fascia is a reasonable alternative to conventional techniques for transcanal tympanoplasty.