We describe our experience using the extracorporeal video microscope, the “exoscope” for repair of a temporal bone encephalocele.
The patient is a 69-year-old male with a right temporal lobe encephalocele herniating through a tegmen defect. He underwent definitive tegmen defect repair and bipolar cauterization of the encephalocele. The authors elected for a combined transmastoid and transtemporal approach in order to isolate the tegmen defect and provide watertight repair. The SynaptiveTM robotic BrightMatter (Toronto, ON) drive video exoscope monitor system was used for the entirety of the case including both the transmastoid approach and transtemporal craniotomy.
No intraoperative complications were encountered during either the transmastoid (mastoidectomy) or transtemporal craniotomy. The authors were able to complete the entire case without abandonment of the exoscope in favor of the traditional binocular microscope. Advantages of this technology in clinical practice includes high-resolution three-dimensional visualization, increased degrees of freedom for exoscope adjustment, and reduced surgeon fatigue in a fixed, unnatural posture. Limitations include decreased depth perception and increased operative time.
The exoscope system is a safe and effective alternative or adjunct to the existing binocular operating microscope for lateral skull based procedures. The exoscope provides the surgeon with a comfortable, high-resolution visualization without compromising surgical exposure and patient safety.
SDC video link: http://links.lww.com/MAO/A837.