To investigate whether a vestibular rehabilitation
program started early after diagnosis of vestibular neuritis combined with standard care reduces dizziness
and improves functions of daily life more effectively than standard care alone in patients with acute vestibular neuritis
Non-blinded, randomized controlled trial
with 2 parallel groups.
Specialist centers in 2 university hospitals.
Patients, 18–70 years, with acute vestibular neuritis
confirmed by videonystagmography.
Standard care was 10 days of prednisolone, general information, and counseling given to all patients. In addition to standard care, the intervention group received supervised exercise therapy (vestibular rehabilitation
). Vestibular rehabilitation
was given in a group format, individually tailored, and supported by home exercises.
Main Outcome Measure:
during head motion. Secondary outcomes were walking speed, standing balance, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Vertigo Symptom Scale, Visual Analog Scales (VASs), Dizziness
Handicap Inventory (DHI), The University of California Los Angeles Dizziness
Sixty-five patients were included, 27 participated in the vestibular rehabilitation
group. There was a statistically significant difference in favor of the vestibular rehabilitation
group in overall perceived dizziness
at 3 (p
= 0.007) and 12 months (p
= 0.001). No statistically significant differences were found in standing balance and walking speed. Results from self-report measures showed a statistically significant difference at 12 months in HADS (p
= 0.039), DHI (p
= 0.049) and VAS-C (p
A vestibular rehabilitation
program started early after confirmed vestibular neuritis diagnosis in addition to standard care reduces the perception of dizziness
and improves functions of daily life more effectively than standard care alone.