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Facial Nerve Outcomes Following Total Excision of Vestibular Schwannoma by the Enlarged Translabyrinthine Approach

Dandinarasaiah, Manjunath*,†; Prasad, Sampath Chandra*; Piccirillo, Enrico*; Vashishth, Ashish*; Valentina, Mastronardi*; Grinblat, Golda*; Codreanu, Corneliu Mircea*; Sanna, Mario*

doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000002068

Objective: To study the early and late facial nerve (FN) outcomes in different tumor classes in addition to determining the predictive factors for the same.

Study Design: A retrospective clinical study.

Setting: A quaternary referral otology and skull base center.

Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of 1983 cases of vestibular schwannomas (VSs) with preoperative normal FN function, undergoing total excision with anatomical preservation of the nerve by enlarged translabyrinthine approach (ETLA) were included. FN status was recorded postoperatively at day 1, at discharge, and at 1-year follow-up and were analyzed in different tumor sizes.

Results: At 1 year, 988 patients with House–Brackmann (H–B) grade I and II FN at day 1 after surgery, 958 (96.9%) maintained their status up-to 1 year. Of the 216 patients with H–B grade III at day 1 after surgery, 113 (52.3%) improved to H–B grade I and II. Similarly, of the 779 patients with H–B grade IV and VI FN function at day 1 after surgery, improvement to H–B III and H–B I and II were noted in 442 (56.7%) and 80 (10.3%) of patients, respectively. Intrameatal and extrameatal tumors upto 2 cm showed better recovery from H–B grade III to H–B I and II and from H–B grade IV and VI to H–B I and III when compared with extrameatal tumors >2 cm (p = 0.001).

Conclusion: Tumors of smaller sizes have good immediate postoperative FN results and recover well at the end of 1 year while more than 3 cm have poor outcomes and recover poorly at the end of 1 year. When the VSs reaches more than 1 cm, the HB I and II outcomes drop significantly.

*Department of Otology & Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza, Rome, Italy

Department of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, Karnataka, India

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Manjunath Dandinarasaiah, M.S., Gruppo Otologico, Via Emmanueli, 42, Piacenza, 29121, Italy; E-mail:

Financial disclosure: no finances involved.

This manuscript has not been submitted elsewhere.

The authors disclose no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2019 by Otology & Neurotology, Inc. Image copyright © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health/Anatomical Chart Company