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Relationship of a Fundal Fluid Cap and Vestibular Schwannoma Volume

Analysis of Preoperative Radiographic Findings and Outcomes

Sullivan, Christopher Blake*; Sun, Daniel Q.*; Al-Qurayshi, Zaid*; Bathla, Girish; Policeni, Bruno; Gantz, Bruce J.*,‡; Hansen, Marlan R.*,‡

doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000001991
TUMORS OF THE EAR AND CRANIAL BASE
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Objective: To evaluate the relationship between radiographic fundal fluid cap in the lateral internal auditory canal, preoperative clinical characteristics, and postoperative outcomes in patients with vestibular schwannoma who underwent microsurgical excision.

Study Design: Retrospective chart review.

Setting: Academic tertiary referral center.

Patients: Thirty-six consecutive patients (mean age 49.4 yr [range 29–74]) who underwent microsurgical vestibular schwannoma excision.

Interventions: Microsurgical excision.

Main Outcome Measures: Linear fundal fluid size and tumor size calculated using volumetric analysis were measured on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging, and correlated to hearing status and postoperative facial nerve function.

Results: Mean fundal fluid size was 2.18 mm (range 0–7.32). Mean tumor volume was 5.58 cm3 (range, 0.210–40.3 cm3). Short- and long-term postoperative House–Brackmann scores were 2.4 and 1.4, respectively. Fundal fluid size was associated with tumor volume (rs = 0.488, p = 0.003) but not preoperative hearing status (p = 0.333). The presence of fundal fluid and larger tumor volumes were statistically associated with poorer short-term and long-term postoperative facial nerve function (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Radiographic fundal fluid size is correlated to tumor volume.

*Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery

Department of Radiology

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Marlan R. Hansen, M.D., Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive—21264 PFP, Iowa City, IA 52242; E-mail: marlan-hansen@uiowa.edu

Support: NCATS UL1TR002537.

The authors disclose no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2019 by Otology & Neurotology, Inc. Image copyright © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health/Anatomical Chart Company