*University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; †The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, District of Columbia; ‡Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; §Center on Aging and Health, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions; and ∥Departments of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Geriatric Medicine, and Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Frank R. Lin, M.D., Ph.D., Johns Hopkins Center on Aging and Health, 2024 E. Monument St., Suite 2-700, Baltimore, MD 21205, E-mail: [email protected]
Conflict of Interest: Dr. Lin reported serving as a consultant to Pfizer, Autifony, and Cochlear Corp. and receiving speaker’s fees from Amplifon. No other author reported any disclosures.
Funding: This study was supported by grant 1K23DC011279 from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, with further funding from the Triological Society and the American College of Surgeons through a clinician scientist award and from the Eleanor Schwartz Charitable Foundation.