The suggestion that the depth of insertion of the electrode into the cochlea is critical to hearing preservation
has led to the development of a generation of short electrodes designed to minimize intracochlear trauma and avoid contact with the apical region of the cochlea. This study aims to describe our experience of hearing preservation
surgery using a deeply inserted standard length electrode array covering the region of residual hearing.
A retrospective case note review was performed identifying cases of attempted hearing preservation
using standard length electrodes.
Study based at Manchester Royal Infirmary, a tertiary referral center.
Fourteen cochlear implants in 13 patients were identified for further analysis from the Manchester Cochlear Implant
Each patient received the same design of implant using a “soft” surgical technique.
Main Outcome Measure
Preoperative and postoperative air conduction thresholds were compared to assess the degree of hearing preservation
Successful hearing preservation
was demonstrated in 12 of 14 cases, and the postoperative residual hearing thresholds in 3 adolescents receiving a standard length electrode array were found to have improved. Preservation of speech recognition was not measured in this study, rather hearing was tested by pure tone audiogram. Follow-up at the time of this study ranged from 1 week to 23 months.
This study demonstrates that deep insertion of the electrode into the cochlea does not preclude successful hearing preservation
. It also highlights that residual hearing can be consistently preserved using a “cochleostomy