To report the effects of glucocorticoid treatment of acute vestibular neuronitis on recovery of vestibular function and length of hospital stay.
Prospective, consecutive case series compared with historic controls.
Secondary referral academic hospital.
Patients with acute vestibular neuronitis. One group treated with glucocorticoids within 3 days after symptom onset (n = 33) and 2 historic untreated control groups (n = 41 and n = 67).
Oral prednisolone 50 mg/d for 5 days with tapering of doses for the next 5 days, alternatively with intravenous betamethasone 8 mg on the first 1 to 2 days if nauseated.
Extent of unilateral vestibular paresis (%) in the caloric test at presentation and at 12 months of follow-up. Length of hospital stay (days).
The initial vestibular paresis value did not differ between the treatment group and the control group. At follow-up, the treatment group showed a lower value (22.8% versus 47.2%, p = 0.0003) and greater improvement (53.4% versus 35.6%, p = 0.002). At follow-up, 70% of the treatment group had a normal caloric test result compared to only 34% of the control group. The mean hospital stay of the treatment group was significantly shorter than that of the control group (1.8 versus 3.0 d, p = 0.001).
Glucocorticoids administered within 3 days after onset of vestibular neuronitis improves long-time recovery of vestibular function and reduces length of hospital stay.
Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Skåne University Hospital - Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Mikael L.-Å. Karlberg, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Skåne University Hospital - Lund, Lund University, SE-221 85 Lund, Sweden; E-mail: email@example.com