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Transcanal Endoscopic Management of Cholesteatoma

Tarabichi, Muaaz

doi: 10.1097/MAO.0b013e3181db72f8
Middle Ear and Mastoid Disease

Objective: To assess the advantages and disadvantages of using endoscopic technique in the management of cholesteatoma.

Study Design: Retrospective case review.

Setting: Private otology practice.

Patients: Patients with cholesteatoma of the temporal bone presenting over a 16-year period to a single otologist.

Intervention(s): Primary endoscopic surgery for removal of the cholesteatoma and further reconstruction and monitoring of patients.

Main Outcome Measure(s): Clinical evidence of recurrent cholesteatoma.

Results: One hundred sixty-eight ear procedures performed for cholesteatoma using 2 primary techniques. Average follow-up was 35 months. Twelve recurrences were evident.

Conclusion: Endoscopic management of cholesteatoma allows the use of the ear canal as the direct and natural access point to cholesteatoma within the mesotympanum, attic, facial recess, sinus tympani, hypotympanum, and eustachian tube. It does not improve access to mastoid disease.

Department of Otolaryngology, American Hospital Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Muaaz Tarabichi, M.D., Department of Otolaryngology, American Hospital Dubai, P.O.Pox 5566, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; E-mail:

© 2010 Otology & Neurotology, Inc.