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The Portuguese Version of Mini-Tinnitus Questionnaire: Brief Screening Test for Assessment of Tinnitus-Induced Stress

Cerejeira, Rui*; Cerejeira, Joaquim; Paiva, Sofia*; Gonçalves, Paulo*; Firmino, Horácio; Quartilho, Manuel; Serra, Adriano Vaz; Paiva, António*

doi: 10.1097/MAO.0b013e31818de749
Medical Neurotology

Hypothesis: The Portuguese version of Mini-Tinnitus Questionnaire (Mini-TQ) is as valid as the English version to assess tinnitus-associated distress in the Portuguese-speaking population.

Background: Tinnitus is a major symptom in ENT practice affecting subjects in all demographic groups. Our objective is to validate a Portuguese version of Mini-TQ (Mini-TQ-pv) to be used in clinical practice and research.

Methods: Mini-TQ-pv was administered to 51 patients with chronic tinnitus. Statistical analysis was done to determine the psychometric properties of the instrument.

Results: After double translation, face and content validity were confirmed by high internal consistency (Cronbach α = 0.861) and significant correlation between individual items and total score. The questionnaire was easy and quick to administer (2.57 min).

Conclusion: We provide a suitable Mini-TQ-pv to be used in the assessment of Portuguese-speaking patients with tinnitus.

*Departments of Otolaryngology, and †Psychiatry, Coimbra University Hospitals, Coimbra, Portugal

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Rui Cerejeira, M.D., Rua de S. Teotónio Lote 19-1P, 3000-377 Coimbra, Portugal; E-mail:

© 2009 Otology & Neurotology, Inc.