To evaluate the functional results of otosclerosis surgery using diode laser.
Retrospective cohort analysis.
One hundred seven patients operated on for otosclerosis with a diode laser (119 ears, all primary cases) and 141 patients operated on with a conventional technique (141 ears, all primary cases). Revision cases using the diode laser were also described.
Preoperative tomographic computed scan findings and intraoperative observations were collected. Pure-tone and vocal audiometry was performed preoperatively and postoperatively (at 3 mo and 1 yr).
In the laser group, the air-bone gap was 29 ± 0.8 dB (n= 112) preoperatively and 9 ± 0.6 dB (n = 58) at 1 year. Air conduction was improved by 22 ± 1.7 dB at 1 year (n = 58). In the conventional group, the air-bone gap was 32 ± 0.9 dB (n=127) preoperatively and 10 ± 0.6 dB (n = 127) at 1 year. Air conduction was improved by 25 ± 1.1 dB (n = 127) at 1 year. No difference of hearing gain was observed between the 2 groups at 1 year. A decreased rate of footplate fracture was observed with the diode laser (3.6%) compared with the conventional technique (21.3%).
Diode laser is a reliable and safe device for otosclerosis surgery. The functional results were similar to those reported in other series.
*AP-HP, Hôpital Beaujon, Service d'ORL et de chirurgie cervico-faciale, Clichy, 2-Inserm, Unit-M 867; and †Institut Fédératif de Recherche Claude Bernard, Physiology et Pathology, Université Denis-Diderot Paris 7, Paris, France
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Alexis Bozorg Grayeli, M.D., Ph.D., Service ORL et chirurgie cervico-faciale, Hôpital Beaujon, 100 Bd. du Général Leclerc, F-92118, Clichy Cedex, France; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Rodriguez is now with the Department of Otolaryngology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.