Departments: CE Tests
- Read the article on page 150.
- Take the test, recording your answers in the test answers section (Section B) of the CE enrollment form. Each question has only one correct answer.
- Complete registration information (Section A) and course evaluation (Section C).
- Mail completed test with registration fee to: Lippincott Professional Development, CE Group, 74 Brick Blvd., Bldg., 4 Suite 206, Brick, NJ 08723.
- Within 4-6 weeks after your CE enrollment form is received, you will be notified of your test results.
- If you pass, you will receive a certificate of earned contact hours and answer key. If you fail, you have the option of taking the test again at no additional cost.
- A passing score for this test is 14 correct answers.
- Need CE STAT? Visit www.nursingcenter.com for immediate results, other CE activities, and your personalized CE planner tool.
- No Internet access? Call 800-787-8985 for other rush service options.
- Questions? Contact Lippincott Professional Development: 800-787-8985
Registration Deadline: March 5, 2021
Lippincott Professional Development (LPD) will award 1.5 contact hours for this continuing nursing education activity. This activity has been assigned 1.5 pharmacology credits.
LPD is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.
This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 11749 for 1.5 contact hours. LWW is also an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the District of Columbia, Georgia, and Florida #50-1223.
Disclosure: The authors and planners have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
This article has been approved by the Orthopaedic Nurses Certification Board for Category A credit toward recertification as an ONC.
Payment and Discounts:
- The registration fee for this test is $7.50 for NAON members and $15.00 for nonmembers.
- If you take two or more tests in any nursing journal published by LWW and send in your CE enrollment forms together, you may deduct $0.95 from the price of each test.
- We offer special discounts. Send in 6 tests together and the least expensive one is free; send in 12 tests and the 2 least expensive ones are free, etc. We also offer institutional bulk discounts for multiple tests. Call 800- 787-8985 for more information.
CE TEST QUESTIONS
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on multimodal pain management in patients who undergo major joint replacement surgery.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:
- Summarize the physiologic response to pain and the pharmacokinetics of selected pain medications.
- Recognize potential risks of various drugs used for pain management.
- Identify potential benefits of a multimodal approach to pain management in patients who undergo major joint replacement surgery.
- A patient's physiologic response to pain includes activation of the body's sympathetic nervous system, resulting in
- an acceleration of the gastrointestinal tract.
- increased oxygen consumption.
- decreased blood pressure.
- In the 2017 study by Cooney & Broglio, opioid-tolerant patients or patients who received opioids on a daily basis often developed
- a higher rate of drug interactions.
- an exaggerated pain hypersensitivity.
- peripheral neuropathy.
- Consensus guidelines reported by Schwenk et al. (2018) support the use of what drug at subanesthetic doses as a perioperative pain adjunct for opioid-tolerant patients due to its potent analgesic properties?
- In a study of more than 1 million opioid-naïve patients, Brat et al. (2018) noted that each opioid refill increased the potential for opioid misuse by more than
- Which class of drugs used in a multi-modal analgesic approach to surgical pain control alters neurotransmission in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord?
- continuous peripheral nerve blocks
- N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists
- In the 2018 study by Memtsoudis et al., NSAIDs as part of a multi-modal regimen for patients following hip or knee arthroplasties resulted in
- higher patient satisfaction scores.
- fewer admissions to rehabilitation facilities.
- decreased opioid consumption.
- The use of NSAIDs increases the patient's risk for
- renal failure.
- Which statement is true regarding ketamine?
- It is a dissociative agent and potent analgesic.
- An intravenous (IV) infusion of ketamine is contraindicated in patients with sleep apnea.
- The common dosage of an intraoperative IV ketamine bolus ranges from 3 to 5 mg/kg.
- Compared to patients who did not receive gabapentin in the study by Clarke et al. (2014), patients who had lower extremity surgery and received gabapentin preoperatively as well as postoperatively had
- higher rates of ileus.
- lower rates of confusion.
- lower pain scores.
- The use of gabapentin to treat or prevent pain may be associated with
- Compared to a single-shot technique, Arsoy et al. (2017) reported that the use of indwelling catheters for a continuous peripheral nerve block (CPNB) was associated with earlier
- urinary catheter removal.
- advancement of the diet.
- joint mobility.
- As reported by Ulrich et al. (2014), a longer-acting formulation of local anesthetic that allows for sustained release of the anesthetic is
- a microemulsion.
- One of the most common complications of lower extremity CPNBs is
- catheter embolus.
- Nicolotti et al. (2016) reported that a patient with a PNB in place for more than 48 hours is at increased risk for catheter site
- As noted in the article, acetaminophen is considered safe and effective at a dosage of less than
- 2 grams per day.
- 3 grams per day.
- 4 grams per day.
- Gaffney et al. (2017) cautioned that healthcare providers should consider the side effects of medications used in pain management, especially in
- elderly patients.
- diabetic patients.
- opioid-tolerant patients.
- As noted by Parvizi & Bloomfield (2013), long-acting opioids are associated with
- urinary retention.
- Non-pharmacological pain control methods noted in the article include the use of
- In a 2018 study by Trasolini et al., the inclusion of routine post-discharge follow-up calls from nurses aided in
- reducing readmissions.
- decreasing the rate of addiction to opioids.
- recognizing the need for in-home services.