Mary Atkinson Smith, DNP, FNP-BC, ONP-C, Nurse Practitioner, Starkville Orthopedic Clinic, Starkville, MS; Adjunct Faculty, University of Alabama Capstone College of Nursing, Tuscaloosa, AL.
Nancy R. Dahlen, RN, BSN, ONC, Nursing Supervisor, Orthopaedic Trauma Clinic, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
The authors have disclosed that they have no financial interests to any commercial company related to this educational activity.
Disclaimer: This clinical guideline was developed by the NAON Evidence-Based Practice and Research Committee and is provided as an educational tool on the basis of an assessment of current scientific and clinical research information. The tool is not intended to replace a clinician's independent judgment and critical thinking, but to enhance the clinician's knowledge base regarding the prevention of surgical site infections.
Levels of Evidence: The evidence within this clinical practice guideline is rated to differentiate evidence of varying strengths and quality. “The underlying assumption is that recommendations from strong evidence of high quality would be more likely to represent best practices than evidence of lower strength and less quality” (Newhouse, Dearholt, Poe, Puch, & White, 2007, p. 90). Refer to the Appendix for an explanation of the levels of evidence contained within this guideline.