Polypharmacy is common, especially among older patients. Polypharmacy can lead to adverse patient outcomes and increased healthcare costs. After elective hip or knee arthroplasty, several new medications are prescribed, which can contribute to polypharmacy, although these medications are necessary in the postoperative period. Although some instances of polypharmacy may be appropriate, many are not. Nurse practitioners play a vital role in identifying and preventing inappropriate polypharmacy in the postoperative period and can develop individualized therapy plans for each patient to provide safe medication use in patients. This would be beneficial in the orthopaedic surgery postoperative period because of the introduction of several new medications.