It is important for nurses not working in the area of addictions to be informed of the diagnosis and treatment of opioid use disorder so that they may serve as a resource, educate others, and influence and refer individuals to seek treatment on the basis of best evidence. In this article, we provide an overview of the postscreening diagnosis and treatment of opioid use disorders with an emphasis on medication-assisted treatment, starting with the definition of substance use disorder, tolerance, dependence, and addiction.
Susan Salmond, EdD, RN, ANEF, FAAN, Executive Vice Dean and Professor, School of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, and is the Research Editor for Orthopaedic Nursing.
Virginia Allread, MPH, Executive Assistant, School of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark.
Robert Marsh, PMHNP, APN, BC, Instructor, School of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ.
The authors certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity that has influenced the development of this paper.