The diabetic foot assessment is a key component in the care of a patient with diabetes. The assessment includes risk factor identification in both the diabetic patient's history and physical examination, foot care education, treatment, and referrals as needed. The foot complications related to diabetes such as peripheral neuropathy, foot ulceration, and amputation can be life altering. The American Diabetes Association recommends a diabetic foot examination annually for patients with diabetes with foot care education. Diabetic foot assessment may be recommended more frequently for individuals with risk factors contributing to ulceration, peripheral arterial disease, and peripheral neuropathy. This article reviews the diabetic foot assessment that nurses in healthcare settings and other healthcare professionals should use when caring for a diabetic patient.
Rachel Johnson, RN, DPM, Assistant Professor, Department of Podiatric Medicine, Kent State University College of Podiatric Medicine, Independence, OH.
Abe Osbourne, DPM, MBA, Associate Professor, Department of Podiatric Medicine, Kent State University College of Podiatric Medicine, Independence, OH.
Jessica Rispoli, DPM, PGY3 Resident, University Hospitals Richmond Medical Center, Richmond Heights, OH.
Craig Verdin, MS, Podiatric Medical Student, Kent State University College of Podiatric Medicine, Independence, OH.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.