To compare the incidence of wound complications after hip surgery in patients treated with a compressive spica wrap dressing to those using traditional taping methods.
Retrospective, descriptive, comparative, intervention study.
457 hip surgery patients, including primary arthroplasty, revision surgery and fracture with ORIF.
A compressive wrap dressing was used on hip surgery patients in the study group while tape was used on patients in the control group. A retrospective chart review was conducted noting postoperative wound complications.
There was a significantly lower incidence of blisters and drainage in the study group using a compressive wrap dressing. There was not a higher incidence of DVT or infection using the wrap dressing when compared to published studies.
Use of a compressive wrap dressing after hip surgery is recommended to reduce the-risk of wound complications.
Implications for Nursing Research
A prospective, randomized study with multiple surgeons using both compressive wraps and traditional taping techniques would substantiate the advantage of using a hip spica dressing after hip surgery.