We review retinally induced aniseikonia, an underrecognized condition resulting from common retinal conditions that has a significant effect on quality of life. Optometrists can influence the timing of surgical intervention to mitigate the damage from delaying surgical intervention in patients whose other findings do not meet a surgeon's treatment threshold.
Aniseikonia due to optical differences between the eyes occurs in 1 to 3.5% of the population and can hinder the quality of binocular vision. The less noted retinally induced aniseikonia is due to mechanical distortion and displacement of the retinal photoreceptors and occurs with disorders such as epiretinal membrane, reattached retinal detachment, macular hole, and macular edema. Despite that it was first reported in 1950 and its incidence continues to rise in the aging population, many eye care practitioners are unaware of this condition, which can persist or even be exacerbated after treatment as a contributing cause of binocular vision symptoms. The purpose of this report is to allow more eye care practitioners to become familiar with retinally induced aniseikonia. The review of the literature includes demographics and epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, results of treatment, prognosis, and case examples.