This pilot study compared subjective and objective vision of children wearing single-vision and +2.00, +3.00, and +4.00 D add power soft multifocal contact lenses to determine whether the higher add power—thought to provide better myopia control—resulted in visual compromise.
This study aimed to determine the maximum add power children wearing center-distance soft multifocal contact lenses could accept objectively and subjectively.
Myopic children were assigned in random order to wear omafilcon A single-vision or multifocal “D” contact lenses with +2.00, +3.00, or +4.00 D add power for 1 week each. High-contrast distance and near visual acuity, low-contrast distance visual acuity, and contrast sensitivity were measured at each visit along with a quality of vision questionnaire to assess their vision. The Friedman test was performed to evaluate the impact of add power on all outcome measures.
Eleven subjects were enrolled, and nine subjects completed the study. The median age of completed subjects was 11 years. Median logMAR low-contrast distance visual acuity was reduced in the +3.00 (+0.20) and +4.00 (+0.28) D add lenses compared with the +2.00 (+0.16) D add and single-vision lenses (+0.10, P < .001). All three multifocal lenses resulted in reduced contrast sensitivity (+1.35 to +1.40) compared with single-vision lenses (+1.60, P < .001). In general, +3.00 and +4.00 D add lenses resulted in worse glare/starbursts, ghost images, computer vision, changing fixation distance, and overall vision, but results varied. There were no differences among the lenses with respect to subjective assessments of distance vision, near vision, strain or tiredness, contact lens comfort, or sporting activities.
The +3.00 D and higher add powers result in more objective and subjective vision-related issues than single-vision lenses, but the +2.00 D add multifocal lenses were well tolerated.