A new device attached to a smartphone was created for objective vision screening of young children including infants and newborns. The device is compact, lightweight, portable, cost-effective, and easy to operate. Therefore, it is suitable for screening large numbers of children in clinical settings, schools, and communities.
This article introduces a new device attached to a smartphone for objective vision screening. It can detect and categorize significant refractive errors, anisometropia, strabismus, cloudy ocular media, and ptosis that may cause amblyopia.
The new device applies the same principles as conventional streak retinoscopy but examines both eyes simultaneously and records the results electronically. The device comprises optical elements that produce a precise streak light beam and move it across a child's both eyes. The smartphone's video camera catches and records the motion of retinal reflex inside the child's pupils. By observing the direction of motion of the retinal reflex relative to the light beam motion, as well as its speed, width, and brightness, the examiner is able to assess the individual and comparative refractive status, ocular alignment, and other conditions.
Vision screening with this device does not require any subjective response from children. The examination can be performed and analyzed by nonprofessionals after a short learning period of time. Because the examination results are electronically recorded by the smartphone, they can be stored in the child's files and sent out for professional consultations.
The new device will provide the same functions as conventional streak retinoscopy but examines a child's both eyes simultaneously, so that, in addition to categorizing refractive errors and assessing clarity of refractive media of the eyes, it can also detect anisometropia, strabismus, and anisocoria. In addition to showing the examination results on the smartphone's screen, the device can also store the results electronically.